Urban and Nairobi Metropolitan Development
Kenya is experiencing unprecedented urbanisation that is having a profound impact on the way people live, work, socialise and do business. Rapid urban development is expected to increase the urbanisation level from the current 34% to 50% by 2030. This rapid urban transition is likely to present potential social and economic opportunities as well as significant challenges to all of us. Urbanisation offers an opportunity to bring about an agglomeration and socioeconomic benefits that can spur economic development and eradicate adjunct poverty. However, if it is not well managed urbanisation may also consolidate or pose governance, infrastructure, housing, environmental, and resource challenges that can hamper progress and development.
The anticipated demographic, social and economic changes brought about by rapid urbanisation has prompted the Government of Kenya to prepare a National Urban Development Policy (NUDP) with the objectives of strengthening development planning, urban governance and management, urban investments and delivery of social and physical infrastructure in urban areas throughout the country.
The long-term goal of the NUDP is to accelerate economic development, eradicate poverty, promote equity and help the Nation realize Vision 2030, which aims to make Kenya an industrialised middle-income country within two decades. The Policy also responds to the Constitution of Kenya 2010, which has devolved governance to the county level.
Until now, urban development in Kenya has taken place without a comprehensive national urban policy framework. Past sector policies did not adequately address urbanization as an evolving system that has the potential to foster development and economic growth and one that can integrate urban and rural development in a mutually beneficial
relationship. Historically urban development in the country has been guided mainly by the Local Government Act CAP 265 (now repealed) and the Physical Planning Act of 1996, both of which have proved inadequate in addressing opportunities and challenges facing the nation’s cities and towns as well as in managing rapid urban growth.
In this regard, the directorate of Urban and Metropolitan Development will develop and coordinate implementation of integrated strategic urban development and capital investment plans through up scaling urban development infrastructure, enhancement of safety and security in 13 urban centers and implementation of the spatial planning concept for the Nairobi Metropolitan Development.
Strategies to achieve these will include:
- Completing ongoing markets projects
- Developing 10 fresh produce and livestock market hubs
- Kenya Municipal Programme
- Development of non motorised transport
- Urban renewal
- Development of Urban Disaster Response Centres
- Enhancement of safety, Security and quality of life to residents within Nairobi Metropolitan Region
- Implementation of Nairobi Metropolitan Spatial plan
- Development of strategic Metropolitan roads
- Railway stations connecting roads
- Drainage management
- Traffic management
- Solid waste management
- Development of strategic security lights and high flood lights
- Metropolitan strategic markets, recreational, heritage and cultural infrastructure
- Metropolitan Strategic planning of major transport corridors and the 13 urban centres
- Identification, documentation and communication of strategic investment opportunities
- Procurement and issuance to Metro-Counties fire-fighting infrastructure and training relevant personnel
- Nairobi Metropolitan Services Improvement Project (NaMSIP) activities.