The Kenya Informal Settlement Improvement Project (KISIP)
The Kenya Informal Settlement Improvement Project (KISIP) was initiated by the Government of Kenya supported by Development Partners in 2011. The World Bank, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) and the Agence Française de Dévelopement (AFD) worked with the government to jointly design this project. KISIP complements the national Kenya Slum Upgrading Program, established in 2003, and led by the State Department of Housing and Urban Development. It also supports the efforts by the State Department of Lands to introduce planning and strengthen security of tenure in unplanned and poor urban neighbourhoods, in accordance with the National Land Policy.
The project development objective is to improve living conditions and strengthen security of tenure in informal settlements in selected towns in Kenya. This is achieved by improving security of tenure and investing in infrastructure based on plans developed in consultation with the community. In addition to supporting improvements in existing informal settlements, KISIP has also supported the Ministries responsible for Housing and Lands and the counties within which the selected towns’ fall, in planning to help them anticipate and manage future demand for housing and environmentally healthy neighbourhoods as cities expand.
The project implements this objective through four main components both at the National and County Government levels:
- Strengthening institutions and Project Management
- Enhancing tenure security
- Investing in Infrastructure and service delivery
- Planning for urban Growth The project is in operation in 15 towns within 14 counties in Kenya namely: Nairobi, Machakos, Kitui, Embu, Thika (Kiambu), Nyeri, Mombasa, Kilifi, Nakuru and Naivasha (Nakuru), Kericho, Eldoret (Uasin Gishu), Kakamega, Kisumu and Garissa.
KISIP major strides
KISIP has made major strides in improving living conditions of people in informal settlements through provision of
infrastructure and strengthening security of tenure (planning, survey and ownership documents).
- Investing in infrastructure and service delivery Interventions in provision of infrastructure include: Roads, footpaths, high mast lighting, water and sanitation. The towns of Nairobi (Kayole, Soweto, KCC settlements),
Machakos (Swahili and Kariobangi settlements), Mombasa ( Ziwa la Ng’ombe, Mkomani, Jomvu Kuu and Jomvu Mikanjuni settlements), Nakuru ( Kaptembwa, Kwa Rhoda, Gilani settlements), Eldoret ( Huruma, Munyaka,Kamukunji), Naivasha ( Karagita, Kasarani, Kamere, Kihoto settlements) and Malindi (Kibokoni)have so far benefited from various infrastructural projects which are either completed or at advanced stages.
Infrastructure works are about to commence in Kisumu, Kericho, Kitui, Embu and Malindi. A total of 51 high mast lights have been installed, 17.4 km of roads rehabilitated, 11.7 kms of drainage system rehabilitated, 23.2km of footpaths rehabilitated, and 50.9 km of sewer pipeline lay.
- Enhancing tenure security Planning and survey in 13 settlements in Nyeri, Malindi, Kakamega, and Eldoret where 13 Part Development Plans (PDPs) have been approved, 540 titles issued and Registry Index Maps (RIMs) published to pave way for preparation of 1470 titles. Planning and survey is ongoing for 24 settlements in Nairobi, Mombasa, Embu and Kiambu and the draft plans are ready.
- Strengthening institutions and Project Management: In an effort to strengthen the State Department for Housing and Urban development, the project has supported the training of over 400 staff in various fields like: leadership, public relations and customer care, senior management, Environmental impact assessment and Audit, record management, project planning and management, and contract management (under FIDIC). Environmental and social safeguards are a key requirement for the project. Implementation of Relocation Action plans (RAPs) is always carried out before commencement of any project. Further, the project ensures community participation within the beneficiary settlements. After a sensitization of the project, every settlement elects a Settlement Executive Committee (SEC) who represents the community in various forums on development issues of the settlement under the project.
- Planning for urban Growth: Through this component, several studies have been completed on: situational analysis of informal settlements in 15 towns (14 counties) in Kenya; A Housing survey in 4 major towns (Mombasa, Nairobi, Nakuru and Kisumu); Review of standards on basic service delivery in informal settlements in Kenya; Gender analysis for KISIP. The original Project Appraisal Document (PAD) was approved when Kenya still had Local Authorities, which included Municipal Councils as the recipients of the Programme (in the old constitutional dispensation). The Ministry is still engaging with the County Governments on the projects that were identified by the then Municipalities. The relationship between County and National Government with regard to the project implementation had not been well received initially. Areas not well received by the County Governments include consultancies and works being contracted and managed by this Ministry with the Counties as the new clients.